Docker 通过Dockerfile 配置Nginx + PHP + Redis环境


创建目录dockerfile ,包含php,nginx,redis 对应的dockerfile文件,mysql是直接安装在电脑上。
 
 
 

Nginx:Dockerfile

FROM nginx:latest

# 镜像信息
LABEL authors="wang"

# 设置工作目录
WORKDIR /var/wwwroots

# 端口
EXPOSE 80

CMD ["nginx", "-g", "daemon off;"]
 
运行dockerfile,这里是在phpstorm中编辑运行的,下面是启动配置页面。
 
 

Redis:Dockerfile

FROM redis:5.0
# 镜像信息
LABEL authors="wang"

# 对外暴露Redis默认端口6379
EXPOSE 6379

# 启动Redis服务器
CMD [ "redis-server", "/etc/redis/redis.conf" ]

PHP:Dockerfile

FROM php:7.4-fpm

# 镜像信息
LABEL authors = "wang"

# 设置env配置

# 设置时区
ENV TZ = Asia/Shanghai

# 更换为阿里云镜像,更新软件包列表
RUN sed -i 's/deb.debian.org/mirrors.aliyun.com/g' /etc/apt/sources.list && \
    sed -i 's/security.debian.org/mirrors.aliyun.com/g' /etc/apt/sources.list && \
    apt-get update && \
    apt-get upgrade -y

# 安装依赖
RUN docker-php-ext-install pdo_mysql mysqli pdo
RUN docker-php-ext-install tokenizer
RUN docker-php-ext-install json
RUN docker-php-ext-install bcmath
RUN docker-php-ext-install fileinfo
RUN docker-php-ext-install pcntl
RUN docker-php-ext-install sockets


# 安装zip扩展 需要放到phpredis之前
RUN apt-get install -y zip unzip libzip-dev && \
    docker-php-ext-install zip

# 安装phpredis扩展
RUN apt-get install -y git &&  \
    git clone https://github.com/phpredis/phpredis.git /usr/src/php/ext/phpredis && \
    docker-php-ext-configure phpredis && \
    docker-php-ext-install phpredis && \
    apt-get purge -y --auto-remove git && \
    rm -rf /usr/src/php/ext/phpredis

# 安装XML扩展
RUN apt-get install -y libxml2 libxml2-dev && \
    docker-php-ext-install xml

# 安装intl扩展
RUN apt-get install -y libicu-dev \
    && docker-php-ext-install intl

# 安装cURL扩展
RUN apt-get install -y libcurl4-openssl-dev && \
    docker-php-ext-install curl

# 安装gd库
RUN apt-get install -y libwebp-dev libjpeg-dev libpng-dev libfreetype6-dev && \
    docker-php-ext-configure gd --with-freetype --with-jpeg && \
    docker-php-ext-install gd

# 清理缓存
RUN apt-get clean \
    && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/*

# 安装composer
RUN curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

# 设置工作目录
WORKDIR /var/wwwroots

# 端口
EXPOSE 9000

# 设置容器启动时执行的命令
CMD ["php-fpm"]



 
注意PHP这里,如果在运行结果后 php-fpm没有运行起来,提示php-fpm找不到,那就需要提前执行 docker pull php:7.4-fpm  不知道什么毛病,刚好本人遇到了这样的问题,还白白浪费了一下午的时间。 
 
到了这里,如果上面都运行没有问题,那就需要设置nginx配置了。注意上面挂载的宿主机上nginx的配置目录 /Users/wang/Documents/docker/nginx/conf
 
在该目录下面,创建default.conf proxy-php 文件,
 
注意文件中的目录是在docker中的目录,而不是宿主机上的目录,在宿主机上增加配置会自动同步到docker中,因为上面进行了目录挂载,会自动同步。
 
default.conf内容如下:
server {
  listen  80;
  server_name b2c-api.wangqy.cn;
  root /var/wwwroots/yunyou/mall/b2c/b2c-api/public;
  

  include /etc/nginx/conf.d/proxy-php;
}

server {
  listen  80;
  server_name xinchenghui.wangqy.cn;
  root   /var/wwwroots/ruijie/xinchenghui/xinchenghui-api/public;

  include /etc/nginx/conf.d/proxy-php;
} 
 
proxy-php 内容如下:
 
  location ~* (runtime|application)/{
    return 403;
  }

  location  ~ \.php(.*)$ {
     fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
     fastcgi_pass 172.17.0.4:9000;
     fastcgi_index index.php;
     fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
     fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
     include  fastcgi_params;
  }

   location / {
       index index.html index.htm index.php;
       if (!-e $request_filename) {
           rewrite ^(.*)$ /index.php?s=/$1 last;
           break;
       }
   }

 

然后在/etc/hosts 文件中 增加 虚拟域名配置 

127.0.0.1 b2c-api.wangqy.cn

 

另外在代码中连接数据库 和redis 不能直接使用127.0.0.1 直接连接 而应该使用 host.docker.internal 进行连接

 

注意在proxy-php文件中的   fastcgi_pass 172.17.0.4:9000;     其中的172.17.0.4 是docker中的php的桥接网络IP地址,可以在phpstorm工具服务界面中查看,也可以通过命令 docker inspect 容器名 查看

 

查看指定容器的网络信息, php74 是容器名

docker inspect php74


[
    {
        "Id": "105034676d065f4158e106c5c11e49fddfac643230acb536d06bde44424fa75d",
        "Created": "2024-05-14T05:15:24.827276542Z",
        "Path": "docker-php-entrypoint",
        "Args": [
            "php-fpm"
        ],
        "State": {
            "Status": "running",
            "Running": true,
            "Paused": false,
            "Restarting": false,
            "OOMKilled": false,
            "Dead": false,
            "Pid": 94294,
            "ExitCode": 0,
            "Error": "",
            "StartedAt": "2024-05-14T05:15:25.132710792Z",
            "FinishedAt": "0001-01-01T00:00:00Z"
        },
        "Image": "sha256:9b213ca7c7ce743d98d7f0c87e9489dc1768ba86068aebd2bc07ffc23bb65a1c",
        "ResolvConfPath": "/var/lib/docker/containers/105034676d065f4158e106c5c11e49fddfac643230acb536d06bde44424fa75d/resolv.conf",
        "HostnamePath": "/var/lib/docker/containers/105034676d065f4158e106c5c11e49fddfac643230acb536d06bde44424fa75d/hostname",
        "HostsPath": "/var/lib/docker/containers/105034676d065f4158e106c5c11e49fddfac643230acb536d06bde44424fa75d/hosts",
        "LogPath": "/var/lib/docker/containers/105034676d065f4158e106c5c11e49fddfac643230acb536d06bde44424fa75d/105034676d065f4158e106c5c11e49fddfac643230acb536d06bde44424fa75d-json.log",
        "Name": "/php74",
        "RestartCount": 0,
        "Driver": "overlay2",
        "Platform": "linux",
        "MountLabel": "",
        "ProcessLabel": "",
        "AppArmorProfile": "",
        "ExecIDs": null,
        "HostConfig": {
            "Binds": [
                "/Users/wang/Documents/docker/www:/var/wwwroots:rw",
                "/Users/wang/Documents/docker/php74/conf:/usr/local/etc/php74/conf.d:rw"
            ],
            "ContainerIDFile": "",
            "LogConfig": {
                "Type": "json-file",
                "Config": {}
            },
            "NetworkMode": "default",
            "PortBindings": {
                "9000/tcp": [
                    {
                        "HostIp": "0.0.0.0",
                        "HostPort": "9000"
                    }
                ]
            },
            "RestartPolicy": {
                "Name": "always",
                "MaximumRetryCount": 0
            },
            "AutoRemove": false,
            "VolumeDriver": "",
            "VolumesFrom": null,
            "CapAdd": null,
            "CapDrop": null,
            "CgroupnsMode": "private",
            "Dns": null,
            "DnsOptions": null,
            "DnsSearch": null,
            "ExtraHosts": null,
            "GroupAdd": null,
            "IpcMode": "private",
            "Cgroup": "",
            "Links": null,
            "OomScoreAdj": 0,
            "PidMode": "",
            "Privileged": true,
            "PublishAllPorts": false,
            "ReadonlyRootfs": false,
            "SecurityOpt": [
                "label=disable"
            ],
            "UTSMode": "",
            "UsernsMode": "",
            "ShmSize": 67108864,
            "Runtime": "runc",
            "ConsoleSize": [
                0,
                0
            ],
            "Isolation": "",
            "CpuShares": 0,
            "Memory": 0,
            "NanoCpus": 0,
            "CgroupParent": "",
            "BlkioWeight": 0,
            "BlkioWeightDevice": null,
            "BlkioDeviceReadBps": null,
            "BlkioDeviceWriteBps": null,
            "BlkioDeviceReadIOps": null,
            "BlkioDeviceWriteIOps": null,
            "CpuPeriod": 0,
            "CpuQuota": 0,
            "CpuRealtimePeriod": 0,
            "CpuRealtimeRuntime": 0,
            "CpusetCpus": "",
            "CpusetMems": "",
            "Devices": null,
            "DeviceCgroupRules": null,
            "DeviceRequests": null,
            "KernelMemory": 0,
            "KernelMemoryTCP": 0,
            "MemoryReservation": 0,
            "MemorySwap": 0,
            "MemorySwappiness": null,
            "OomKillDisable": null,
            "PidsLimit": null,
            "Ulimits": null,
            "CpuCount": 0,
            "CpuPercent": 0,
            "IOMaximumIOps": 0,
            "IOMaximumBandwidth": 0,
            "MaskedPaths": null,
            "ReadonlyPaths": null
        },
        "GraphDriver": {
            "Data": {
                "LowerDir": 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                "MergedDir": "/var/lib/docker/overlay2/2e6021b6700b5027f674ebd09a1edba03e8eb1206841345fff352dce7e2d8561/merged",
                "UpperDir": "/var/lib/docker/overlay2/2e6021b6700b5027f674ebd09a1edba03e8eb1206841345fff352dce7e2d8561/diff",
                "WorkDir": "/var/lib/docker/overlay2/2e6021b6700b5027f674ebd09a1edba03e8eb1206841345fff352dce7e2d8561/work"
            },
            "Name": "overlay2"
        },
        "Mounts": [
            {
                "Type": "bind",
                "Source": "/Users/wang/Documents/docker/www",
                "Destination": "/var/wwwroots",
                "Mode": "rw",
                "RW": true,
                "Propagation": "rprivate"
            },
            {
                "Type": "bind",
                "Source": "/Users/wang/Documents/docker/php74/conf",
                "Destination": "/usr/local/etc/php74/conf.d",
                "Mode": "rw",
                "RW": true,
                "Propagation": "rprivate"
            }
        ],
        "Config": {
            "Hostname": "105034676d06",
            "Domainname": "",
            "User": "",
            "AttachStdin": false,
            "AttachStdout": false,
            "AttachStderr": false,
            "ExposedPorts": {
                "9000/tcp": {}
            },
            "Tty": true,
            "OpenStdin": false,
            "StdinOnce": false,
            "Env": [
                "PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin",
                "PHPIZE_DEPS=autoconf \t\tdpkg-dev \t\tfile \t\tg++ \t\tgcc \t\tlibc-dev \t\tmake \t\tpkg-config \t\tre2c",
                "PHP_INI_DIR=/usr/local/etc/php",
                "PHP_CFLAGS=-fstack-protector-strong -fpic -fpie -O2 -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64",
                "PHP_CPPFLAGS=-fstack-protector-strong -fpic -fpie -O2 -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64",
                "PHP_LDFLAGS=-Wl,-O1 -pie",
                "GPG_KEYS=42670A7FE4D0441C8E4632349E4FDC074A4EF02D 5A52880781F755608BF815FC910DEB46F53EA312",
                "PHP_VERSION=7.4.33",
                "PHP_URL=https://www.php.net/distributions/php-7.4.33.tar.xz",
                "PHP_ASC_URL=https://www.php.net/distributions/php-7.4.33.tar.xz.asc",
                "PHP_SHA256=924846abf93bc613815c55dd3f5809377813ac62a9ec4eb3778675b82a27b927",
                "TZ== Asia/Shanghai"
            ],
            "Cmd": [
                "php-fpm"
            ],
            "Image": "9b213ca7c7ce",
            "Volumes": null,
            "WorkingDir": "/var/wwwroots",
            "Entrypoint": [
                "docker-php-entrypoint"
            ],
            "OnBuild": null,
            "Labels": {
                "authors": "= wang"
            },
            "StopSignal": "SIGQUIT"
        },
        "NetworkSettings": {
            "Bridge": "",
            "SandboxID": "02e2fd40cc1ac1e6d30f298e021803315dc1f75d34d7eadb80f2c884ebe0679b",
            "HairpinMode": false,
            "LinkLocalIPv6Address": "",
            "LinkLocalIPv6PrefixLen": 0,
            "Ports": {
                "9000/tcp": [
                    {
                        "HostIp": "0.0.0.0",
                        "HostPort": "9000"
                    }
                ]
            },
            "SandboxKey": "/var/run/docker/netns/02e2fd40cc1a",
            "SecondaryIPAddresses": null,
            "SecondaryIPv6Addresses": null,
            "EndpointID": "0a60a4bf108d37a3b2560fef982ded1688b88269153b5b8bd0cfaa0e44850fa3",
            "Gateway": "172.17.0.1",
            "GlobalIPv6Address": "",
            "GlobalIPv6PrefixLen": 0,
            "IPAddress": "172.17.0.4",
            "IPPrefixLen": 16,
            "IPv6Gateway": "",
            "MacAddress": "02:42:ac:11:00:04",
            "Networks": {
                "bridge": {
                    "IPAMConfig": null,
                    "Links": null,
                    "Aliases": null,
                    "NetworkID": "d57fe86e0e638fdd3f5af6016c2cd4829764c82c4654b174cfbb08a94738863b",
                    "EndpointID": "0a60a4bf108d37a3b2560fef982ded1688b88269153b5b8bd0cfaa0e44850fa3",
                    "Gateway": "172.17.0.1",
                    "IPAddress": "172.17.0.4",
                    "IPPrefixLen": 16,
                    "IPv6Gateway": "",
                    "GlobalIPv6Address": "",
                    "GlobalIPv6PrefixLen": 0,
                    "MacAddress": "02:42:ac:11:00:04",
                    "DriverOpts": null
                }
            }
        }
    }
]
发布时间 : 2023-02-28,阅读量:1194 , 分类: PHP Docker
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GIT WARNING: UNPROTECTED PRIVATE KEY FILE git教程 (一)安装配置